History Of Japanese Manga

History Of Japanese Manga

Capturing the way of “Manga” is different, but the “funny picture” as a generic term is the etymology of “manga” that seems to be derived from the Chinese word “manga”. Furthermore, within the preface of the image book “Four Toki Koka” published in 1798, it seems that it had been employed by Santō Kyoden as an acceptation “draw

as you prefer.”

After that, in 1814, Katsushika Hokusai’s “Hokusai Manga” spread the word “manga” to confer with caricature-style sketches. It is claimed that the originator of Japanese manga is “Choju-jingai” (commonly called “Choju-Giga”).

The famous Choju-jingai is an image scroll of a paper book ink painting that’s handed down at Kosanji Temple in Ukyo-Ku, Kyoto City, and has become a national treasure.


By the way, the author is alleged to be Toba Sōjō, but truly it’s not certain. There’s no document that Toba Sōjō is that the author, and since the formation of every volume is different in age and author, it’s doubtful whether Toba Sōjō’s brush is added even during a part of the image.


Other picture scrolls are drawn in modern cartoon style

For example, “Fuyu Soshi”. Within the story of the protagonist of “Fuyu Soshi” succeeding in flatulence, a line is drawn next to the characters. This can be identified because of the modern cartoon “Fukidashi”. Also, in “Shigisan Engi Emaki”, the scene is modified with one picture, and it contains elements that are technically almost like “modern manga”. Shigisan-engi could be a picture scroll from the tip of the Heian period and is additionally a national treasure. However, these picture scrolls weren’t common to the folk

Within the 18th century, caricatures as products, so-called comics, began to be distributed. Then, within the 19th century, cartoon-like ukiyo-e appeared. In this way, it’s a condition that it’s inexpensive to distribute to the overall public, but it’s become possible with the event of printing technology called printmaking. Eventually, the prints encouraged the event of the manga. Within the Edo period, printmaking technology advanced further, and ukiyo-e became popular within the entertainment of the folk. Then, Katsushika Hokusai’s “Hokusai Manga” will appear

Hokusai Manga also influenced Europe. However, this Hokusai Manga was drawn as a textbook for Katsushika disciples and was never distributed to the overall public. Using this textbook as a model, the disciples began to draw “manga” It is. Also, many of the best- selling ukiyo-e artists at that point appeared to be drawing caricatures, that is, manga. However, it seems that the manga is drawn by the ukiyo-e artists who weren’t drawn for business but was just liked by the ukiyo-e artists themselves for entertainment. For example, Hiroshige Utagawa and Kuniyoshi Utagawa also drew for officials and geisha

Kusazoshi’s “Kibyoshi” was a  with a sentence attached to the image


“Fkidashi” is employed within the scene of dreaming in “Kinkin-sensei Eika Yume”. A method kind of like modern comics was already in use around now. Also, Jippensha Ikku, who is known for “Tokaido Nakagiri Kurige,” initially made pictures and stories by himself. However, it seems that he gradually began to focus on the first author and left the drawing to another writer.

In other words, it’s identical because of the relationship between the first author and therefore the manga artist in the modern manga. And these cartoons (caricatures) within the Edo period were called “Toba- e “, “Otsu- e “, “Kyouga”, etc. after the name of Toba monk. Eventually, at the top of the Edo period, Japan’s first manga magazine was published. That’s the manga “Japan Punch”.

The issuer is Charles Wirgman, an Englishman, who was issued within the Yokohama settlement. However, it had been English rather than Japanese. Even so, the sculptors and sushi masters were Japanese, and Japanese paper was used because of the paper. Then, with the publication of this magazine, the spread of manga magazines began.

The cover picture of Japan Punch(Cover of “Japan Punch”) In 1874, Kawanabe Kyosai and Kanagaki Robun published “Picture Newspaper Nihonshi” for “Japan Punch”. Also, the “Yoroshii Shimbun” was published, and in 1877, the manga magazine “Kenen Jinmon”, which represents the Meiji era, was launched. Then, in 1896, the primary serialized manga in Japan was published during this “團團 Chinmon”.

That’s Taguchi Beisaku’s “Enoshima Kamakura Long and Short Trip”.

Enoshima Kamakura long and short trip

This “Enoshima Kamakura long and short trip” was a sightseeing trip manga by a duo of two main characters, “long” and “short”. By the way, Kawanabe Kyosai and Taguchi Beisaku are

manga artists who turned from ukiyo-e artists. In 1915, Ippei Okamoto established Japan’s first manga artist group, the Tokyo Manga Association

Ippei Okamoto has begun serializing manga comics like “Human Life” within the Tokyo Asahi Shimbun. It is said that this series created the prototype of this story manga. Then, in 1923 published Oda dwarf work-Kabashima Katsuichiga to “adventure of positive Chan” and Yutaka Aso “Nonkinatousan” or later, so that the frames breaking and balloon cartoon representation technique is fixed now I did.


Within the same year, young manga artists like Hidezo astrology zodiac sign  Kondo, Ryuichi Yokoyama, and Yukio Sugiura gathered to make a brand new manga group. And therefore the writers of this new manga group are writing brushes until then. I drew the manga with a pen, not with a pen. The best form of this style is a Japanese original nonsense manga influenced by Western nonsense manga.

Eventually, the new manga group gained popular support and have become more popular than Rakuten Kitazawa, Ippei Okamoto, and their disciples. The writers of this new manga group later became the middle of the Japanese manga world after warfare II. Within the 1930s, “the boy club” in children magazines like Kodansha “of Norakuro” had been serialized “tank low”, “adventure Dan Gil” children of the favored manga like the simplest area in book form became the cellar.


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